a) What do you consider to be the major benefits and constraints arising from Government control and legislation for education in the 19th Century?
- Access to education for lower (poor) class
- Increase in employment of older workers due to the fact that the primary education (6-14 year olds) was made compulsory (Barcan, 1995 p.28)
- Free education for children coming from lower class
- Ability to improve social control and limit child labor
- Consistency and quality assurance due to introduction of the State Curriculum ( which later was also introduced in other non government schools)
- Introduction of a new job market “educational bureaucracy”
- New laws to protect teachers from parents
- Introduction of quality inspectors who effectively monitored education quality and (later) standards
- Influence on education by non-experienced in the educational area politicians
- Lack of consistency in the educational qualities amongst states
b) Why was secondary education slow to gain a foothold in NSW in the first half of the 20th Century?
The main contributing factor why the secondary education was slow to gain a foothold in NSW was due to failure to abolish school fees until 1906 (Barcan, 1995, p.28). Compulsory education lasted till the end of primary school and further education was not seen as necessary especially by those who could not afford it. Work was considered more important for many as they could learn skills and support he families. The Great Depression also contributed towards fewer low and middle class students entering secondary education. Although the reform abolished fees and created an “educational ladder” the secondary education was still seen as something open to only talented students. Interest in secondary education increased when the exams at the end of primary schooling were abolished and more choices were given...