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Africa Research Paper

  • Submitted by: rafter74
  • on December 14, 2008
  • Category: Arts and Music
  • Length: 701 words

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Below is a free excerpt of "Africa Research Paper" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The Dagbamba people of western Africa (Ghana) primarily use two types of drums in their music, played by the Lunsi. The lunga drum utilizes an hourglass shape with leather cords strung between its two drumheads, enabling the cords to be squeezed to manipulate the sound of the drum with tension applied. The Lunsi talk and sing on their instruments, making a sound similar to that of their language.   Similarly to the Dagbamba, the Yoruba people of Nigeria use a dundun drum that incorporates tension cords, and they use many different types of instruments to create their music. Ensembles using the dundun play a type of music that is also called dundun. These ensembles consist of various sizes of tension drums along with special band drums (ogido). The leader of a dundun ensemble is the oniyalu, who also uses the drum to "talk" by imitating the tonality of Yoruba. Much of Yoruba music is spiritual in nature, and is devoted to the Orisas of Yoruba mythology.   The Dagbamba Lunsi drummers are storytellers and chroniclers of the history of their people and nation, this is the thrust and purpose of their music.

Zambia has a rich heritage of music which falls roughly into three categories: traditional, popular and Christian. Traditional Zambian music is rooted in the beliefs and practices of Zambia's various ethnic groups and has suffered some decline in the last three decades. Traditional Zambian music once had clear ritual purposes or was an expression of the social fabric of the culture. Songs were used to teach, to heal, to appeal to spirits, and for mere enjoyment. Despite the decline of traditional music, its influences can still be heard in many of today's Zambian musical forms. The African "call-and-response" can be heard in almost every Zambian song no matter what the style. Traditional drum rhythms and polymeters are evident in many different kinds of Zambian music. Contemporary popular forms such as Zambian Kalindula also exhibit traces of traditional music in...

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