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American P-51 Mustang Essay

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On September 1, 1939, the German Blitzkrieg military forces invaded Poland to begin World War II. Blitzkrieg which means literally a "lightning war," involved the high-speed and lethal organization of the Wermacht and the Luftwaffe. The Wermacht advanced on the ground as the infantry, while the Luftwaffe the German air force destroyed the opposing Royal Air Force, attacked enemy ground forces, and disrupted enemy communication and transportation systems. The Luftwaffe dominated the European skies and was responsible for the successful invasions of Poland, Norway, Western Europe, the Balkans, and the initial success of the Russian invasion. Until the United States joined the war effort no other nation involved in the war had the experience, technology, or numbers to challenge the Luftwaffe's superiority, but the German air superiority still remained unscathed. It was not until the advent of the North American P-51 Mustang fighter, and all of the improvements, benefits, and side effects that it brought with it, that the Allies were able to achieve air superiority over the Germans.
In World War I the Luftwaffe and RAF differed in the purpose and functionality of aerial assaults. The Luftwaffe continued to dominate the air because during WW I, Germany attempted a strategic bombing effort directed against England using Gothas and Zeppelins which did not give much of a result. The fact that German Blitzkrieg military desired rapid results meant that Germany decided not to develop a strategic air force. The Luftwaffe had experienced great success when they used tactical ground-attack aircraft and so they figured that their air force should mainly consist of this kind of planes. The RAF, on the other hand, had experimented with ground-attack fighters during WW I, and had suffered grievous casualty rates. This, combined with the fact that the British had been deeply enraged and offended by the German Gotha and Zeppelin attacks on their home soil, made them determined to...

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