Define anarchy and its relevant principles
What are the key factors defining Anarchy. The common definition of an anarchist state is a social order without hierarchical government, subject to the economic laws of the market.
Anarchy is a social order with out government, subject to the economic laws of the market. Government is an agent external to society, a “third party” with power to coerce all other parties to relations in society into accepting its conceptions of those relations. The idea of government as an agent external to society is analogous to the idea of god as an intervener in human affairs. For an atheist, a good analogy might be to assume that omnipotent martians fill the role we usually ascribe to government ie an external designer and enforcer of rules of behavior by which everyone subject to those rules must abide.(cuzan)
What is the essential purpouse of anarchy and how does it benefit the society that adopts its concepts.
That there have been some, calling themselves "anarchists," who have engaged in violence on behalf of their political ambitions, is not to be denied. Nor can we overlook the provocateuring occasionally engaged in by undercover policemen – operating under the guise of "anarchists" – to justify harsh reprisals against political protests. But to condemn a philosophic viewpoint because a few wish to corrupt its meaning for their narrow advantage is no more justifiable than condemning Christianity because a man murders his family and defends his acts on the grounds "God told me to do it!"
Are there murderers, kidnappers, rapists, and arsonists in our world? Of course there are, and there will always be, and they do not all work for the state. It is amazing that, with all the powers and money conferred upon the state to "protect" us from such threats, they continue to occur with a regularity that seems to have increased with the size of government! Even the current "mad cow disease"...