Ancient Roman Architecture
How the Romans paved the road for the future
Although this may be the twenty-first century in modern America, a new world where super-computers, digital information, and even space travel is considered common, we can look around our modern cities and trace today’s architecture to that of the ancient Romans. The ancient Roman civilization is now well known for its’ Imperial powers during its’ long reign in the ancient world. Many people may first think of Julius Caesar (100 BC-44 BC), an Emperor of Rome whom pronounced himself Dictator after conquering most of the then known world and building the Roman Empire into the absolute super power of the time. Some will remember ancient Rome as a barbaric society, because of modern glorification of gladiators and the Coliseum in cinema. However, Rome is no longer the center power of the world, and the bloody trials of the gladiators are a long event of the past. Conversely, what we can see in this modern world is the immense influence of ancient Roman architecture in many of today’s structures. The Romans were considered to be pioneers of structural design. They built upon ideas and techniques of their predecessors, mainly the Greeks and the Egyptians. However, the purpose of the Roman Empire was significantly different than that of the Greeks and Egyptians, due to the swift increase in population and also to display their power to the world. Overpopulation forced the Romans to develop more efficient architecture and infrastructure to it’s city, such as multi-story apartments, city streets, and bath houses. Conversely, the Romans spared no expense with its massive structures when used for government purposes. This is where the Romans flexed their power; with true pride and grandeur of colossal structures such as the Coliseum, the Parthenon, and the Temple of Portunus.
Considering the lack of technology and tools we know of today, it is simply...