“An evaluation of research methods used in
Milgrams study of obedience”
Stanley Milgram (1963) was a psychologist who studied the behavioural study of obedience; he investigated how obedience would be shown in a situation where following orders by an authority figure to give out electric shocks to another person,
The method of the experiment included Milgram advertising for 40 male volunteers from a different range of occupations in the New Haven area of America, to take part in an experimental study of memory and was paid $4.50 for turning up at the university and taking part. When the participants had arrived, they were told that they would be either a teacher or a learner.
Milgram ensued that through out the experiment the participants was always the teacher, the participants was then introduced to the learner whom was infact an actor working for Mr milgram. The teachers were told that the learner had to learn word pairs, every time the learner made a mistake; milgram ordered the participants to administer shocks to the learner.
Although there was no actual electric shocks given the participants did not know this, as they gave out the shocks, there was a tape recording of responses, which was played according to which shock was administered. Milgram also ordered teachers to continue giving shocks whilst the leraner appeared to be screaming and shouting in pain and also appeared to collapsing, ordering them to contiue by telling them:-
- “please contine, please go on”
- “the experiment requires that you continue”
- “it is absolutely essential that you continue”
- “you have no other choice, you must go on”
The experiment took place in two rooms of the Yale university , one of which contained what looked like an electric shock generatoer. The shock labels on the machine was labelled from 0 – 450 volts, with additional signs describing the intensity of the shock e.g. Slight shock, severe shock, intense shock ect. and the second room,...