Although the term ``weapons of mass destruction ' was first used by the
London Times in 1937 to describe the carnage resulting from a German Air
Force attack on a town situated in Guernica , Spain , the term itself is
now widely associated with non-conventional weapons with devastating
capacity . Following the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and
Nagasaki , Japan at the conclusion of the Second World War the term
``weapons of mass destruction ' became synonymous with the atomic bomb
and later with the hydrogen bomb . Today , all biological , chemical ,
radiological and nuclear weapons constitute weapons of mass destruction .
The US Department of Defence in its Dictionary of Military and
Associated Terms describes weapons of mass destruction as follows :
``Weapons that are capable of a high order of destruction and /or of
being used in such a manner as to destroy large numbers of people .
Weapons of mass destruction can be high explosives or nuclear ,
biological , chemical , and radiological weapons , but exclude the means of
transporting or propelling the weapon where such means is a separable
and divisible part of the weapon '
History of the Use of Weapons of Mass Destruction
Although the first use of nuclear weapons was the atomic bombs dropped
on Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the close of the Second World War , there
have been numerous accounts of the use of chemical weapons throughout
history . As noted previously , chemical weapons are defined by the US
Department of Defence 's Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms as
falling under the head of weapons of mass destruction .
During World War I , the Germans were singlehandedly responsible for the
first all out chemical attack when in April of 1915 they released
chlorine gas on both French and Algerian troops at Ypres , Belgium .
According to author Jonathan Tucker the results were devastating ,
causing soldiers to cough blood and to produce green...