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Assess the impact of the Hyksos invasion on the development of ear;y new kingdom society and government. Essay

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Assess the impact of the Hyksos invasion on the development of ear;y new kingdom society and government.

The Hyksos invasion had a great impact on the development of early kingdom society and government.

After the brilliance of the middle kingdom, Egypt fell into confusion its rulers murdering and replacing each other with great speed. During this time a group of foreigners moved into the delta area from Palestine. Eventually, under the leadership of ambitious chieftains or princes they seized control of the delta city of Avaris and turned into their stronghold.

The Egyptians referred to these people as hikau-khoswet (rulers of foreign lands) and this is where the name Hyksos originated. For around 45 years they gained control over lower Egypt and in c. 1640, a Hyksos chieftain named Salatis forced the Egyptian ruler out of Memphis. For about 100 years, two dynasties of these foreign kings ( fifteenth and sixteenth) controlled Egypt as far south as Cusae.

The seventeenth dynasty of Egyptians princes from Thebes continued to rule in semi-independence   but paid allegiance and tribute to the Hyksos kings in the north. The territory controlled by these Theban rulers extended from the Nubian border as far as Abydos

The reason that the Hyksos was able to dominate Egypt for such a long time was that there military was much more stronger and more advanced. There main fighting advantage was the horse drawn chariots that they had, unfamiliar to the Egyptians. The chariots gave the Hyksos better mobility and power and since the Egyptians didn't know the chariots they didn't know how to defend them selves against there attacks. They also had more advanced weapons such as bronze swords, scimitars daggers, powerful composite bows, they were bigger and had greater striking distance to the Egyptians small bows. They
also created scaled Armour and war helmets, probably made of leather, sewn with gilded metal discs this allowed the Armour to be lighter and they it...

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