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The Assyrians Essay

  • Submitted by: rolltidegirl
  • on December 8, 2008
  • Category: History
  • Length: 459 words

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Below is an essay on "The Assyrians" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The land of the Assyrians is located in northern Mesopotamia. The reign of the Assyrian Empire lasted from around 1900 B.C.E. (Before Common Era) to the fall of it in 605 B.C.E. In the beginning the Assyrians struggled to protect themselves against their aggressive neighbors, such as the Old-Babylonian Empire under the reign of Hammurabi, the Egyptians, the Hittites and some others. The fight for their existence had a profound effect on the empire. In turn, the Assyrians would become the aggressors by extending their power and influence through the terrible and brutal victimization of their enemies. Through the study of the documents the   Assyrians left behind, today’s society can see the important lessons of what did and did not make for a successful empire.
Assyrian religious, political, and military ideas took shape in the centuries that Assyria fought for its survival. The Assyrians were convinced that their god, Assur, demanded that his worship be extended through military conquest. The Assyrian army belonged to Assur and all who did not accept this were enemies of the Assyrians. As a result of an Assyrian takeover of a city, the defeated people would be required to worship an image of Assur. In the Assyrian’s eyes, there was no question that Assur should be the supreme deity for all the people in the empire. The Assyrian laws came from the Code of Hammurabi. The Assyrians reserved the harshest punishments for the practices of reproduction, homosexuality, and abortion. These punishments were normally extremely barbaric as seen in number 53 of the Middle Assyrian Laws on page 30. “53. If a woman aborts her fetus by her own action and they prove the charge against her and find her guilty, they shall impale her…” Also under this law code, only husbands had the power of divorce, and could legally inflict a variety of penalties on their wives. Number 34 of the law code proves this. “34. If a man intends to divorce his wife, if it is his wish he shall give her...

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