What is Inland Saline Aquaculture?
Farming of marine species in Australia is becoming increasingly expensive and limited, due to the shortage of available sites with the appropriate conditions such as water depth and quality.
Inland Saline Aquaculture is a new aspect of Aquaculture research and development in Australia. Due to rising saline groundwater away from the coastal zone, Australia has been introduced to a new industry that has the potential to develop into a commercial inland saline Aquaculture.
Description of Inland Saline Aquaculture
As Inland Saline Aquaculture is still a developing industry in Australia, a proper system and operation program has not been established. However, research is steadily increasing and the scope of the project, objectives and risks, suitable saline water resources and potential marine species have been determined.
Inland Saline Aquaculture Research Centre – Wakool
NSW Department of Planning and Infrastructure is working with Murray Irrigation near Wakool, NSW to develop an inland saline aquaculture industry. In 2002, the Inland Saline Aquaculture Research Centre (ISARC) was established to research the potential of various species of salt tolerant marine species for inland saline aquaculture. The facility includes 6 small plastic-lined ponds, an experimental tank system and a temperature controlled room. Fresh and saline waters of different salinity are present for the demonstrations. ISARC is located at the Wakool-Tullakool Sub-Surface Drainage Scheme (WTSSDS), the largest evaporation scheme in Australia disposing of 35,000ML of saline water each year. The scheme comprises of 60 bore pumps and 1600ha of evaporation ponds for salt interception and disposal. It is estimated that the scheme has helped return 50,000 hectares of unproductive salt-degraded land back to productive farm
Research at ISARC showed that the inland saline ground water from the WTSSDS had 95% less potassium than marine water and...