Binge Eating Disorder
With all the stress and pressure to be “perfect” in our society it is not a surprise that 12% of adolescents have experienced some sort of eating disorder (Stice, 2009). There are three main eating disorders, anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder (BED). There is no doubt that the ideal body size, as reflected in the style icons promoted in the media, is getting thinner. This ideal body size epitomized by “Shenae Grimes” “Jessica Stroup” or “Lindsey Lohan” is unrealistically thin, their BMI is on the borders of what a clinician would regard as anorexic. Due to the proliferation of food in our culture, people are getting bigger, fatter, and maturing younger and younger as the years pass by. The gap between actual body sizes and the cultural ideal is getting wider, and giving rise to anxiety among almost all women, although it is the most vulnerable who are most affected by this. Too many people think that BED is just another excuse for overeating and being overweight. BED is more common than the anorexia or bulimia and it is a much deeper problem than just overeating.
BED is defined as involving a large consumption of food without extreme behavioral attempts to vomit or extensive exercise as compensation. When a person has an episode they will eat several thousand calories worth of food in one sitting, maybe even more. They eat quickly and in larger portions than a normal person would. They may feel disgusted depressed or guilty after overeating. To be diagnosed as BED the episodes must occur on an average of two days a week for six months or more. Many researchers find that there is an association between BED and depression. BED is not even actually about eating, it is about filling a void and a way to deal with emotional issues that some feel they just cannot deal with.
Body image is an important part of self-identity and self esteem. We all have a body image which is defined as the physical and cognitive representation of the...