An Alternative That Makes Sense
According to the Environmental Protection Agency, transportation is the second largest contributor to our carbon dioxide emissions. We use petroleum products in everything we do, from bulk distribution of the thousands of products we use every day to taking your son to football practice. Today’s technology has made the world a smaller place business wise, and has created an ever growing demand for oil. If you just gave it a little bit of thought, you would realize how true this really is. Commuting has become common practice, in the United States alone; 220 million adults spend an average of an hour and a half per day in their vehicles. Our transportation accounts for a third of our total Co2 emissions.
According to the United States Census report, there is a whopping 308,745,538 people living in this country. That is a 9.7% increase from ten years ago. And with 89% of American households owning at least one car, we are burning 18,690,000 barrels of oil a day. We lead any other country, per capita, in this field. It has been said that Americans are addicted to oil, and our demand for it increases at a steady rate. Oil production is expected to peak somewhere around the year 2020, and then our supplies will begin to diminish.
It is obvious that we are not willing to sacrifice our current lifestyle, and comfort. That is the American way, so it seems. So scientists, through imagination and innovation, have created a reachable alternative fuel that will allow us to conserve our nonrenewable fossil fuels. These alternative fuels are called biofuels. There are a few different ways that they are created, and we are going to cover them in this paper.
The first biofuel we are going to cover is ethanol. Ethanol is an alcohol that is made from corn, or certain types of cellulose. The process used to make it involves fermenting the natural sugar found in these materials into a type of alcohol. And no, it...