Brave New World
Universal happiness is the key to stability, and in the novel Brave New World, by Aldous Huxley, the World State ensures its citizens get exactly what they want, all the time, “Community, Identity, Stability” (1). The citizens of this world seem to be genuinely happy due to ignorance and blindness. This reoccurring theme is important because it emphasizes the idea that happiness and truth cannot coexist.
The World State begins at making people happy right from birth, or more “creation”. They genetically tamper with embryos depending on what caste they are destined to be in. For example, if an embryo is destined to be an Epsilon, the lower of the castes, more oxygen will be exposed to the embryo diminishing that persons intelligence so they will therefore be content in performing the monotonous and simple job they are destined to perform the rest of their life. When an embryo is destined for a higher caste they are exposed to little to no oxygen, providing them with more intelligence. Not only does the state use biological science, they also use psychological conditioning, this way not only will the subject be suited for their job role, they will prefer it to anything else. “That is the secret of happiness and virtue-liking what you’ve got to do. All conditioning aims at that: making people like their inescapable social destiny” (22). Just like the Director of Hatcheries says, happiness is liking what they do, and if they prefer it to all else they therefore won’t want anything unattainable, because they already have what they’ve been conditioned to want.
Another way the World State ensures stability is throughout the promotion of promiscuous sex. “Every one belongs to every one else” (40). By getting rid of sexual tension in the world, and by conditioning everyone to believe they can “have” whomever they please, whenever they please, the citizens are provided with instant gratification. The World State has also eliminated families, and...