1. Describe the current morbidity and mortality trends:
Cardiovascular disease is responsible for 36% of deaths within Australia (both males and females). It is also the leading cause of disabilities in Australia, which totals 6.9% of the nationwide population, and is responsible for 3.5 million Australians (18%) that have one or more ongoing CVD problems.
The main problematic age in regards to this disease is the 75-90 year age gap in both males and females. In this age group for males there are approximately 2700 CVD related incidences per 100,000 and 1500 deaths per 100,000. in females there are approximately 1800 incidences per 100,000 and 1100 deaths per 100,000. This trend shows that there is a definite need to change diets and promote healthy lifestyles in order to strengthen the heart for older age.
The current prevalence for CVD is as follows; Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is responsible for approximately 340,00 cases in Australia. Angina is responsible for approximately 215,00 cases, Stroke is the cause for 350,000 cases, Heart failure numbers at 260-270,000 cases and all other CVD related problems number at 150,000.
2. Analyse the groups most at risk of the health priority area:
According to the above trends, the group(s) most at risk of being exposed to cardiovascular disease would be Males and Females within the 75-90 age. Also along with these two groups, smokers have a higher risk of gaining a CVD.
Tobacco smoking is considered a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and nearly 40% of all the people who die from smoking die from heart, stroke or blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease. Research shows that both directly inhaled tobacco smoke and passively inhaled tobacco smoke increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
The 75-90 year old population is at a high risk due to the weakening of the heart muscle as the body ages and is unable to withstand strenuous exercises and/or...