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Carl Rogers Research Paper

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Running head: ROGERS' CLIENT-CENTERED THEORY IN COUNSELING








Rogers' Client-Centered Theory in Counseling



Rogers' Client-Centered Theory in Counseling
          Growing up in a family where emotions and imagination where not encouraged, Carl Rogers had little contact with the outside world. In his teens, his family moved to a farm where his conservative, Protestant family shielded him and his siblings from the corrupt influences of society. On the farm, Rogers conducted agricultural experiments which led to a working knowledge of scientific method and a love for nature.   Although he planned on pursuing a degree in agriculture, Rogers’ life took a dramatic turn at college that led him into pursuing a degree in history in preparation for going into the ministry. He was chosen to go to a 6 month long International Christian youth conference in China. Once again his path changed from an interest in theology to an interest in social philosophy. He applied to the Union Theological Seminary in New York City. It was a liberal college and while there he also took classes at the Teachers’ College of Columbia University. ‘There his religious doubts combined with his fascination with psychology and progressive education’ (Kirschenbaum, 2004, p. 116).   At Columbia, he was exposed to John Dewey’s educational philosophy, Freudian thought, Rorschach’s testing and other psychiatric and psychoanalytic approaches. His doctoral dissertation led to the publication of Rogers’s Personality Adjustment Inventory.
Rogers took a job in Rochester as director of the Child Study Department of the Rochester Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. He was there for 12 years. ‘Rochester provided a laboratory in which he worked with thousands of troubled children and adults and gradually developed his own ideas about counseling and psychotherapy’ (Kirschenbaum, 2004, p.   117). While there, he wrote his first book, The Clinical Treatment of


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