The Chesapeake and New England Colonies
The English colonists who settled in New England and Chesapeake areas created societies with very different characteristics. Despite most of the colonists coming from the same mother country, the settlers traveled to America for separate reasons and thus maintained varying lifestyles. These differences were noticeable in social structure, economic outlook, and religious background. The diversity of the regions was the foundation for the emergence of two unique societies by 1700.
The New England area consisted of Massachusetts Bay Colony, Plymouth, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Haven. Most of the settlers in New England were Puritans who left England during the Great Migration beginning in 1629. They did not agree with the principles of the Church of England. As a result, hundreds of Puritans embarked on the journey to the New World, bringing along their families to set up the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In contrast, the Chesapeake region included Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Although both societies placed an emphasis on religion, in the Chesapeake Catholic and Protestant, colonists of the Chesapeake Bay arrived in Virginia in the early 1600’s with the main purpose of acquiring wealth
Their society was an attempt to create the model for an ideal community, enriched with religiosity and unity. The first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, John Winthrop, referred to the community as a “city upon a hill”. He believed that the families had to knit together as one in order to achieve success in religion and business. Even though religion was extremely important to the Puritans, commerce was also significant through their profits off harvesting crops, fishing, and shipping. Soon, towns and cities formed in the concentrated area.
. One common feature during the early years was the lust for gold. Slowly, the colony realized they would have to “abandon the gold search, begin to grow food, and find a...