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Chilean Revolt Essay

  • Submitted by: knb89
  • on December 12, 2008
  • Category: History
  • Length: 572 words

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Below is an essay on "Chilean Revolt" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Chile 1973
Salvadore Allende was elected President of Chile in 1970 and ran a socialist government.   President Nixon fear that Chile could possibly became another Cuba which followed the Soviet example of Communism. The United States cut off most foreign aid to Chile and supported Allende’s opponents during his presidency. Nixon wanted a coupe by any means necessary to overthrow the Marxist government of Allende. Nixon was quoted in de-classified CIA documents as saying “make their economy scream (in Chile to) prevent Allende from coming to power or to unseat him.”
The United States main goal was to get rid of the Marxist government and they had two approaches. The first was Track 1. Track 1 was to persuade Chilean congress to confirm Jorge Allesandri as President. Allesandri was his opponent, but he would then resign allowing Edvardo Frei Montalua to re-run against Allende. There then was Track 2. Track 2 was to fund a coupe, by finding military leaders in Chile to help overthrow the government by force. But the death of General Rene Schneider led to public outcry and even more support for Allende. Because both of these Track’s failed the government started project FUBELT. In Allende’s first year of presidency his economic policies led the Gross National Product to increase by 8.6 percent, inflation decreased from 34.9 percent to 22.1 percent and industrial production increased by 12 percent. But due to CIA mingling between 1970 and 1972 Chilean inflation raised to over 140%. Public outrage led to U.S. government funded strikes in Chile.
In march of 1973 the CIA paid approximately 8 million to ring wing opposition groups to “create pressures, exploit weaknesses, and magnify obstacles” and expedite President Allende’s resignation. The US never directly intervened, but helped to stir the pot. In August of 1973 the Supreme Court publicly complained about Allende and his inability to enforce the law of the land. On the 22nd, National Party members of The...

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