Civil War pg 1
The Civil War was fought between 1861-1865. The Confederate states seceded from the Union in 1861. Hence, the Civil War began. The South maintained the upper hand throughout the first half of the war, but the battle of Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863) was the turning point for the North. Confederate General Robert E. Lee got the best of a succession of Union generals in battle before he met defeat at Gettysburg to Union forces under Gen. George Gordon Meade. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, whose genius had been displayed in the Western Theater, then took overall command of Union forces and forced Lee to surrender. President Abraham Lincoln guided the Union throughout the war, freed the slaves and established himself not only as our greatest president but one of the most noble figures in the history of the world.
Civil War pg 2
'Our Hearts Were Touched With Fire'
The Civil War was one of the most brutal wars in American history, even worse for the fact that it was fought brother against brother, father against son, neighbor against neighbor. It was a war that was fought to prevent the United States from being divided in two, an outcome that would have irreparably harmed this great nation.
Oliver Wendell Holmes said of his generation, which fought the Civil War, "Our hearts were touched with fire."
The Civil War raged from 1861-65 and was THE defining moment for this country. Some 600,000 people were killed, the slaves were freed, the union preserved. It started because the southern states in rebellion desired to be free of federal control, the northern states desired to preserve the Union. It ended up being about slavery, although that's not why it started. There will always be a dispute about that, but President Abraham Lincoln didn't issue his Emancipation Proclamation freeing the...