The sculptures are Cleopatra VII and Nike Adjusting Her Sandal. Both sculptures are similar in some ways, but they are also quite different. The sculptures were made in different centuries of time.
The subject of Cleopatra VII is the last Greek queen of Egypt and the subject of Nike Adjusting Her Sandal is the Greek god Nike, the god of victory. Both subjects are similar in a way that they show worship to a higher being. The subjects are different because the sculpture of Nike Adjusting Her Sandal worships a god and the statue of Cleopatra VII worships a human.
Symbolism for both of the statues is different. The symbol of Cleopatra VII is the headdress. It is the symbol of royalty in Egypt. Even though Cleopatra was of Greek descent, she lived like an Egyptian. The symbol of the wings for Nike Adjusting Her Sandal is for showing that Nike is a god.
The statue Cleopatra VII was preserved, but the statue Nike Adjusting Her Sandal was destroyed. The statue Nike Adjusting Her Sandal shows the Greek classical style and the statue Cleopatra VII shows the Egyptian style, but there is Greek influence in the statue. The influence in the style for Cleopatra VII is that the statue is in Contrapposto pose. The statue Cleopatra VII is stiff and rigid, whereas the statue Nike Adjusting Her Sandal looks like there is flexibility. The drapery for both statues is thin and shows nudity, so both have the wet drapery style. The statue Cleopatra VII has no projecting parts, but the statue Nike Adjusting Her Sandal does have projecting parts. The statue Cleopatra VII has a calm restraint look on the face, whereas the face for Nike Adjusting Her Sandal has been destroyed. There is a register under the feet of Cleopatra VII.
The function for the statues is the same in a way that they show worship. The difference is that Cleopatra VII shows worship to royalty in Egypt and Nike Adjusting Her Sandal shows worship to a god. Being royalty in Egypt meant that you were a descendant of a...