The following paper details the learning theories of educational psychologists of the past. The table and paragraphs define the theories of behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. The name of each theory as well as the finer points of each is outlined. Important contributors and the contributions that they have made are also given. The paragraphs also detail chronological dates of importance for each theory as well as the pros and cons of using each theory as a guide for creating instructional goals.
Connecting Theory and Practice
There are many educational psychologists who have contributed greatly to the field of teaching with theories of learning. The major theories of learning are behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. The following table contains a broad overview of each of these learning theories. The overview contains important dates, contributors and contributions to their theory, and also the pros and cons of each theory. The table also suggests ways that technology can be integrated to maximize teaching and learning within each theory.
Theories Contributors and Contributions Timeline Advantages and Disadvantages Technology Rationale
Behaviorism Ivan Pavlov- contributed research on neutral stimulus and unconditioned stimulus as well as unconditioned response in learning.
John Watson-contributed the idea that mentalisms (abstract thinking) should not be included as an explanation of learning outcomes.
B.F. Skinner- contributed operant conditioning. 1920’s
1953 Advantages to using the behaviorist approach to teaching and learning include using all external stimuli to learn. The use of rewards and punishments offer direct motivation to learners.
Disadvantages to using the behaviorist approach would be the inability to control external stimuli and influences from the environment that may negatively affect learning. Computer software games would be a great form of...