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Corrections Essay

  • Submitted by: paygarlouis
  • on December 6, 2011
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 1,474 words

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Below is an essay on "Corrections" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

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Types Of Prisons

• Minimum & Medium Security
• Close Security
• Maximum Security
• Supermax
• Federal

Prisons in the United States are functioned by means of both the federal and state governments as incarceration is a parallel power under the Constitution of the United States. Imprisonment is one of the key methods of punishment for the conviction of felony offenses in the United States. In the United States, prisons are operated at various levels of security, ranging from minimum-security prisons that mainly house non-violent offenders to Supermax facilities that house well-known criminals and terrorists.

The United States has among the highest incarceration rates in the world. More people are behind bars in the United States than any other country. As of 2006, a record 7 million people were behind bars, on probation or on parole. Of the total, 2.2 million were incarcerated. The People's Republic of China ranks second with 1.5 million. The United States has 5% of the world's population and 25% of the world's incarcerated population.

Prisoners reside in different facilities that vary by security level, especially in security measures, administration of inmates, type of housing, and weapons and tactics used by corrections officers. The federal government's Bureau of Prisons uses a numbered scale from one to six to represent the security level. Level six is the most secure, while level one is the least.

State prison systems operate similar systems. California, for example, classifies its facilities from Reception Center through Levels I through IV (minimum to maximum security) to specialized high security units (all considered Level IV) including Security Housing Unit (SHU)—California's version of supermax—and related units.

As a general rule, county jails, detention centers, and reception centers, where new commitments...

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