“If you think that cystic fibrosis is (CF) is strictly a childhood disease, think again.” (cited Nursing 2007) Because of the scientific advances in research and improved clinical care 40% of the estimated 30,000 patients with CF in the United States are 18 or older. Cystic Fibrosis is a life-threatening genetic disorder among CAUCASIANS, as stated in our nutrition for health and health care book. The Mayo Clinic states that “Cystic Fibrosis occurs in about 1 out 3,000 live births. As mentioned early with all the improvements instead of dying in their teens, people with cystic fibrosis can now have a chance to live into their 50’s or even longer”. One of the first signs of cystic fibrosis is an excessively salty taste to the skin. People with cystic fibrosis tend to have higher than normal amounts of salt in their sweat. Parents often can taste the salt when they kiss their child. Most of the other signs and symptoms of CF affect the respiratory and digestive systems.
The cause of Cystic Fibrosis is when a defective gene alters a protein that regulates the normal movement of salt (sodium chloride) in and out of cells. That then changes secretions in the respiratory and digestive tracts to the thick and sticky secretions, and also affects the reproductive system. This affected gene, which is inherited from a child’s parents, is a recessive gene. With recessive genes, kids need to inherit two copies of the gene, one from each parent, in order to have the disease. If these kids only inherit only one copy they will not develop CF, but will be carriers and possibly pass them to their children.
Cystic Fibrosis causes severe lung damage and nutritional deficiencies. An inherited condition, CF affects the cells that produce mucus, sweat and digestive juices. Normally, these secretions are thin and slippery, but a person who has CF has a defective gene that causes these same secretions to become thick and sticky. Instead of acting as a...