the following paper for the IFES Forum, noting: �Since it established a democratic constitution in 1992, Mongolia has shown peaceful transfers of power in four parliamentary elections and four presidential elections� However, the citizens did not give the power to any one group for a long time� After experiencing the governance of both groups for 14 years, the citizens chose a balanced government in 2004. Such peaceful and stabilized transfers of power show that procedural democracy has been established in Mongolia.�
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- Stabilized Democracy in Mongolia in 2005
Since its democratic transition in 1990, Mongolia has experienced peaceful transfers of power in five parliamentary elections (1990, 1992, 1996, 2000, and 2004) and four presidential elections (1993, 1997, 2001, and 2005). The establishment of procedural democracy based on a regular and fair electoral system has been regarded as the primary step for reaching consolidated democracy.
The first step of transition to democracy for a former authoritarian regime or for a newly established country that has adopted democracy should be the creation of a democratic electoral system. This procedural step includes free and fair elections at the national level and the formation of a parliament and government according to the results of the election. The establishment of procedural democracy assures the people they can give power to the political party they support, changing the ruling group of the country as they want.
The selection of representatives by the constituents does not automatically guarantee the freedom of the people and democratic polity. At the next stage, the democratic...