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Is Child development best described as gradual change or as a series of stages?
There are many concerns and debates on whether child development is seen as gradual or in stages even in today’s society. In this essay I will be covering three psychologists who have greatly influenced many theorists and parents all over the world. Parents graciously know what to expect from their child as they continue to mature and even though this is seen as an excellent thing it can be said that these text books and theories that parents read can have a negative outcome if faced with a child that is not developing as quickly or not having the same intellect as that of another child or children around the same age.
Jean Piaget was a Swiss Psychologist, and at the age of 22 began a career working within psychology and education. He had a background of biology and psychology and whilst working with Alfred Binet, he became interested in the intellectual development of children. Piaget often interviewed children as his research method and quite often used his own children to aid his research further. Piaget produced his research on child development during 1896 to 1980. His theory based upon his own observations concluded that children were not less intelligent than adults, they just purely think differently.
Piaget was a stage theorist and believed that child development is thought to be not always gradual and continuous. It can be step like or show signs of reversals and be U-shaped, or can sometimes be thought to be inverted U-shaped profiles. (Darwin Muir & Alan Slater pg 4. 2003) His stage theory describes cognitive development of children and despite cognitive...