A madman who has threatened to explode several bombs in crowded areas has been apprehended. Unfortunately, he has already planted the bombs and they are scheduled to go off in a short time. It is possible that hundreds of people may die. The authorities cannot make him divulge the location of the bombs by conventional methods. He refuses to say anything and requests a lawyer to protect his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination. In exasperation, some high level official suggests torture. This would be illegal, of course, but the official thinks that it is nevertheless the right thing to do in this desperate situation. Do you agree? If you do, would it also be morally justifiable to torture the mad bomber’s innocent wife if that is the only way to make him talk? Why?
Answer: yes, I agree.
Level 1: Pre-Moral:
Stage 1: Punishment orientation:
Approval: the one who approves the official’s action, he would be afraid of the laws as , it is illegal, the law might punish him.
Disapprove: the one disapproving the action would say that the officials should do it , as because he would be afraid of the other people punishment.
Stage 2: self gratification:
Approval: the person approving his action would agree with the official’s action as law might punish the official for torturing the madman and his wife.
The person in this stage disapproving the official’s action would say that he might not do this action as he is getting no reward in return.
Level 2: conventional level:
Stage 3: approval of others
Approval: the person in this stage approving the official’s action would reason that if he had not done that, the people will not like him, as the official’s do not even try to save other people.
Disapprove: the person disapproving the action would reason that they should ask the questions and should not torture him.
Stage 4: law and order orientation
Approving: The person approving official’s action would say that as it is necessary for...