Does the cabinet exercise real influence over government policy?
Under the Westminster system, members of the cabinet are collectively responsible for all government policy. All ministers, whether senior and in the cabinet or junior ministers, must publicly support the policy of the government, regardless of any private reservations. Although, in theory, all cabinet decisions are taken collectively by the cabinet, in practice many decisions are delegated to the various sub-committees of the cabinet, which report to the full cabinet on their findings and recommendations. As these recommendations have already been agreed upon by those in the cabinet who hold affected ministerial portfolios, the recommendations are usually agreed to by the full cabinet with little further discussion.
Decision-making is central to a government. How those decisions are made is important especially if the whole issue of decision-making might be seen to compromise the accepted standards of politics. At this moment in time, people are questioning the decision-making process within this government, especially who has an input into those final decisions.
A Cabinet decision-making process is when all in the Cabinet feel confident enough to make an input into an issue without fear of retribution if their views are at odds with the Prime Minister or other senior members in the Cabinet such as the Foreign Secretary, Chancellor or Home Secretary. Such a process will be seen as democratic and inclusive. The final decision made will almost certainly be what the majority of the Cabinet feel is required, though the Prime Minister can override a majority Cabinet decision even after a full discussion, as part of his authority. However, this would be very rare and might spark a Cabinet rebellion. This process would still be seen as part of the Cabinet decision-making process as a full and frank exchange of vies have taken place.. The process is open, inclusive and all members should feel part...