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Enviromental stressors Essay

  • Submitted by: Amara
  • on December 14, 2008
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 1,052 words

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Below is an essay on "Enviromental stressors" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Research into Environmental Stressors on Aggressive Behaviour

A theory that best describes environmental stressors on aggressive
behaviour is the negative affect escape (NAE) theory; this claims that
when the unpleasant stimuli increases so does the negative affect (the
mood) and this leads to an increase of aggressive behaviour or an
increase in the escape behaviour, if a person cannot escape they will
become more aggressive and this can relate to overcrowding or temperature because it
is something we cannot escape, so when the unpleasant stimuli becomes
extreme people rather focus on their escape or they will become
passive.

Temperature can play an important role with aggression, (Baron/ Bell)
did research involving the effects of heat on aggression by seeing how
willing a participant would be to give electric shocks to another,
they found that temperatures within the range of 92-95F generally
increased the level of aggression. However when the temperatures
became too extreme they found the lvels of aggression decreased, in
these conditions the participants were stressed and did not want to
handle the person’s angry reactions, because they didn’t want the
hassle of the added stress. Baron and Bell’s study showed a
curvilinear effect (where the relationship between heat and aggression
both increase together but as it gets to a certain point the
aggression decreases) between temperature and aggression which was
predicted by the NAE theory saying that when temperature becomes very
high an individual seeks to escape lowering aggression, but at lower
temperatures the negative affect leads to aggression. This is also
supported by (Ransberger/ Baron) who had studied US archival records
and found that the riots increased up to the temperature of 85F and
then declined after this point. However (Anderson) did not agree with
this theory of aggressive behaviour decreasing after extreme heat, he
considered the...

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