Ancient Egypt is the earliest known place where garlic was part of many Egyptians diets. According to the bible Jewish slaves and the working class were fed garlic. It was presume to increase their strength and allow them to work harder and produce more.
In 1922, King Tutankhamen tomb was excavated, which dated back to 1500 B.C. In the tomb cloves of garlic were identified. Whether it was used for a specific purpose or just a lower class person leaving their lunch behind is not known. It is unlikely that garlic had any religious significance, but cannot be excluded.
Ancient Grease advocated garlic to be used for pulmonary diseases. In ancient Greek temples garlic was unearthed. As with the Egyptians garlic was associated with strength and work capacity.
There is also evidence that garlic was fed to athletes, to build their endurance before the competed in the first Olympics.
Ancient Rome has the same beliefs as Egyptians and the Greeks and started to use garlic for cardiovascular problems.
Ancient China and Japan used garlic as a medicinal agent. It was prescribed to aid depression, respiration, and digestion, most importantly diarrhea and worm infestation. It also helps treat fatigue, headaches, and insomnia and improve male potency.
Ancient India said in the first available written records that garlic was used in the healing process. It recommended that garlic be used in the treatment of heart disease and arthritis. Garlic was also known to have a diuretic effect, and to reduce blood pressure. Some religious sects did not permit the consumption of garlic, as the Greeks and Romans.
In the medieval times garlic became available in Europe after the Roman legions move north. Garlic was grown in monasteries and transmitted through the monks. Garlic was only used for people who had to do hard physical labor and not the upper class. It was rejected by the upper class and considered to not be fit for consumption.
In the Renaissance era...