July 12th 2009
Prof. Becky Khan
Many types of ideas exist in the world of Ethics. This essay will compare the similarities and differences among the following three; Virtue theory, Utilitarianism and Deontological ethics.
The Virtue theory is based on the character of an individual. It comes from the Greeks and refers to “excellence” (Boylan, 2009). It is the idea that to be a good person you must have possess good habits and characteristics that other people would praise. It’s the idea that an individual can achieve excellence in their lives.
Utilitarianism is a theory that suggests that an action is morally right when that action produces more total utility for the group than any other alternative (Boylan, 2009). It’s the idea that to be moral a choice has to benefit the most number of people, sort of a majority rule. It’s the team player mentality, choice that benefit the team even if it means the person making the decision will not benefit.
Deontology is a moral theory that emphasizes one’s duty to do a particular action just because the action, itself, is inherently right and not through any other sorts of calculations – such as the consequences of the action (Baylon, 2009). Its making a decision based on the principle of adhering to moral laws and that the action is good with no regard to outcome of that action.
Similarities and Differences
All three of the theories are based getting the good or benefit out of a decision for the most part. However, the differences are simply who benefits. The Virtue theory is based on the individual, a decision is good or moral if the individual benefits or gets some good out of that action. Utilitarianism is based on the most good for society, community or team. It’s based on the most good for the most people, no matter what the outcome of the individual making the decision even if it is a negative outcome. Deontology is making decisions based...