July 12, 2012
In the paper we will discuss the three ethical theories; virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. The paper will discuss the similarities and the differences between the theories and will conclude with a personal experience.
The virtue theory based on the belief a person is judged by his character rather than any action that is different from his or her behavior. The theory takes in account the motivation, morals, and character when judging the persons unethical behavior (Rainbow, 2012). A person’s ability of telling the truth all his life and then telling a lie can be written off as person who had a bad day as compared to a constant liar who suddenly tells the truth.
Utilitarianism is based on the ability to conclude effects of an action. The theory concludes that the benefit that helps out the most people is the ethically correct choice. A benefit of this theory is that it allows the person to compare similar outcomes and use a point system to determine what outcome is more helpful for the most people. The negative of this theory is that a person may put his or her rights secondary to that of the people. If they put themselves in harm’s way are the doing it as a self-less act or it is their responsibility (Rainbow, 2012).
Deontology ethics are based on that a person should make ethical decision based off his or her duties to specific people. The theory emphasizes that a person will maintain his or hers obligations to a certain person because that is the ethical thing to do. A version of this is protecting a brother if they get into a fight, and someone else gets involved (Rainbow, 2012).
A personal experience the one theory that comes to mind would be the virtue theory. In 2006 I had discovered that my wife was cheating on me. I had always told her if things were not working out and if she found someone else to tell me. Like anybody who has...