The similarities and difference between Virtue theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological ethics will show with in this paper. Each of these similarities will also show the differences in how each theory addresses ethics and morality.
Virtue ethics is sometimes called agent based or a character ethics. The viewpoint that in living your life should be a cultivate excellence in all that you do and all that others do. These excellences or virtues are both moral and non-moral. In some ways a person can achieve moral excellence, as well. The way the habits are developed and sort of community that nurtures them are all under the umbrella of virtue ethics. An example of this would be an athlete can achieve excellence in a sport. Virtue-based ethical theories place less emphasis on which rules people should follow and instead focus on helping people develop good character traits, such as kindness and generosity. These character traits will, in turn, allow a person to make the correct decisions later on in life. Virtue theorists also emphasize the need for people to learn how to break bad habits of character, like greed or anger. These are called vices and stand in the way of becoming a good person (Virtue Ethics: Morality and Character).
Utilitarianism is a theory that suggests that an action is morally right when that action produces more total utility for the group than any other alternative. Sometimes this has been shortened to the slogan “The greatest good for the greatest number.” This emphasis upon calculating quantitatively the general population’s projected consequential utility among competing alternatives, appeals many of the same principles that underlie democracy and capitalism (Boylan, 2009). There are several varieties of utilitarianism. But basically, a utilitarian approach to morality implies that no moral act or rule is intrinsically right or wrong. Rather, the rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is...