April 9, 2013
Professor Wanda Moore
Virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontology deal with how one judges ethics and morality. Ethics deal with the question of what is morally right or wrong. These morals deal with both business and personal lives. These are as a deontic or action of morality because they are focus on the performance of each individual. The actions judge and come with consequences of the same and how well people conduct themselves based on set of duties. This paper will provide a description of the differences in how each theory addresses ethics and morality. In addition, a personal experience will be provided to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three theories.
Virtue theory is dealing mainly with a person’s character. “It takes the viewpoint that in living your life you should try to cultivate excellence in all that you do and all that others do. These excellences or virtues are both moral and non-moral” (Boylan, 2009). Morally a person who is virtue-based will guide another person to make the right decisions through life based on their experiences. “Utilitarianism is a theory that suggests that an action is morally right when that action produces more total utility for the group than any other alternative” (Boylan, 2009). Utilitarian usually answers the question “What one ought to do in a situation.” In terms of ethics a utilitarian may answer this question with the statement that individual should do whatever is the greater good for everyone involved. Utilitarian often involves accessing the consequences of one’s actions and what will resolve in the best interest of all involved. In terms of moral, based on what group a utilitarian belongs to or is associated they will make their decisions. “Deontology is a moral theory that emphasizes...