Eth/316 Ethics and Social Responsibility
October 28, 2012
The development of ethics is a key factor in today’s society. The following paragraphs will help discuss the differences and similarities between utilitarianism, deontological ethics, and the virtue theory. The following analysis will describe the differences of how the three theories address ethics and morality and the relationship between virtue, moral concepts, and values as they relate to each of the three theories. In addition to the paper, the author will address each theory addressing ethics, and morality in response to their personal experience with values, virtue, and the concepts of morality.
To get a comprehension of the similarities and differences between utilitarianism, virtue theory, and deontological ethics you first have to define each theory. The utilitarianism theory suggests that “an action is morally right when that action produces more total utility for the group than any other alternative” (Boylan, 2009). The virtue theory focuses on a person’s character. The virtue ethic theories regard one’s character as well as one’s motivations and intentions (Trevino, 2007). Virtue theory is based on community over the individual in terms of character growth within a balanced community, meaning that once a person has developed an internal sense of morals it reflects within their actions. This theory has no regard for rules or its outcome in regard to certain actions. It chiefly concentrates on whether or not you should display integrity and maintain moral actions whether you are watched or not. The deontological theory of ethics is defined as the analysis of reason; this analytical decision is based for the morally justified good.
The similarities within the three theories are characterized by the high-quality in an individual and their ability to strive for excellence. The difference within the theories is their...