Human beings are instilled with various virtues and vices resulting in humans, each with a unique identity. A few of these virtues are courage, friendship, loyalty, and respect. Two important vices are jealousy and most importantly, desire. Once command and desire come together, free will is formed as the ability of one to choose and carry out their own actions. In Confessions, an autobiography by Saint Augustine, Augustine attempts to reconcile his relationship with god by explaining the downfalls of his life, namely free will. In Shakespeare’s Othello, multiple characters act upon their desire by constructing a detailed plot that causes the demise of all parties involved. Similarly, according to Augustine, a life lived by free will causes evil while Shakespeare supports this argument by illustrating that a life lived by desire is one that cannot be satisfied because this vice is an insatiable appetite.
Desire is a leading temptation of the soul and when combined with command for one’s self, free will comes into existence. The reason desire can be explained as insatiable is because it the results from free will do not typically satisfy the desire, such as Iago’s actions in Othello.
In Shakespeare’s text, Iago forms and carries out a plan in retaliation to the promotion of Cassio by Othello. The human vice of jealousy also applies to Shakespeare’s novel. According to Iago, he has proven himself in the battle grounds with Othello, while Cassio is just a mathematician and has not proven himself. Iago has the desire to take vengeance on Othello and once this coincides with action it becomes free will. Free will plays a role in this text because nothing can deter Iago from taking action to spite Othello for promoting Cassio. From Shakespeare’s text, it is apparent that he looks down upon people and their ability to follow their desires.
Augustine’s autobiography allows him to come to the realization of his mistakes, much like the...