Welcome

Anti Essays offers essay examples to help students with their essay writing.

Sign Up

To what extent are different psychological approaches succesfully able to explain human behaviour Essay

  • Submitted by: lozza71
  • on December 9, 2008
  • Category: Psychology
  • Length: 1,396 words

Open Document

Below is an essay on "To what extent are different psychological approaches succesfully able to explain human behaviour" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

There are five traditional approaches used by psychologists that focus on the way we behave and act. There are many different explanations from human behaviour, the type of behaviour often depends on the approach the psychologist takes. Inevitably this means we may sometimes come across different explanations for the same event, this does not mean that someone is incorrect or correct in the approach they told but rather that the explanations are affected by the approach used.  

Behaviourists believe that behaviourism is associated with nurture and not nature. The nature-nurture debate is an ongoing discussion trying to unravel the question as to whether people are born with certain aspects to their behaviour or all behaviours are learnt. They believe that all behaviours are learnt from birth onwards, for example from your parents, television and friends etc. Basically the environment. All behaviour is observable and measurable.

Ivan Pavlov was a behaviourist who studied classical conditioning and while experimenting with dogs found that they learnt that when they heard certain sounds the dog would be fed. For example dogs drool when they see food, so Pavlov associated a bell with food so after a while when the bell was rang the dog would think of food and drool with no food actually being there. Animal evidence is so problematic because humans often behave in unexpected ways, largely because they have verbal skills. Humans do not always behave in the same manner as animals because verbal input from other humans or themselves can affect their behaviour (Overskeid, 1995, p. 518). John Watson also did an experiment “The case of Little Albert” (Watson and Rayner, 1920). Little Albert was approximately 11 months old and Watson hit a steel bar behind the baby with a hammer and associated this with a rat by presenting the rat at the same time as hitting the steel bar with the hammer. This happened on several occasions over the weeks so eventually when the rat was...

Show More


Citations

MLA Citation

"To what extent are different psychological approaches succesfully able to explain human behaviour". Anti Essays. 17 Dec. 2018

<http://cassandralynndesignllc.com/free-essays/Extent-Different-Psychological-Approaches-Succesfully-Able-26106.html>

APA Citation

To what extent are different psychological approaches succesfully able to explain human behaviour. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 17, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://cassandralynndesignllc.com/free-essays/Extent-Different-Psychological-Approaches-Succesfully-Able-26106.html