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Federal State Legislation Essay

  • Submitted by: lionking11
  • on February 24, 2011
  • Category: History
  • Length: 839 words

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Below is an essay on "Federal State Legislation" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

The turn of the twentieth century brought profound changes to millions of Americans, especially African Americans and farmers were no exception. Crop failures, economic hardships, and the failures of Reconstruction stimulated a Great Migration of southern blacks to northern cities. Racism and an overwhelming labor market prevented many African Americans from attaining the better life they sought. Farmers didn't have it any easier. Problems brought about an Agrarian Revolt for them in the 1890's. Despite these setbacks, they established new cultural institutions and modified older ones to meet the needs of urban life.
Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution officially abolished, and continues to prohibit, slavery. The 13th amendment was passed at the end of the Civil War before the Southern states had been restored to the Union and could have easily passed the Congress. The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution intended to secure rights for former slaves. It includes the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses among others. This amendment provides a broad definition of national citizenship, overturning the Dred Scott case, which excluded African Americans. It requires the states to provide equal protection under the law, and was used in the mid-20th century to dismantle legal segregation, as in Brown v. Board of Education. The Fifteenth Amendment, ratified in 1870, provides that governments in the United States may not prevent a citizen from voting because of his race, color, or previous condition of servitude. These laws were designed to help African Americans but many would find a way around them, causing the plan to backfire.
After the end of the American Civil War in 1865, during the period known as Reconstruction, the federal government was able to provide some protection for the civil rights of the newly-freed slaves. But when Reconstruction abruptly ended in 1877 and federal...

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Federal State Legislation. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 16, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://cassandralynndesignllc.com/free-essays/Federal-State-Legislation-74085.html