Federalism in the United States of America
Federalism and States’ Rights
In the early years of the United States, after the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation, the need for a Constitution took place when the economy was not prosperous and the want to spread west arose. The original framers knew something needed to be done. And so, supporters for a Constitution were called federalists and the people who opposed the writing of a Constitution were called Anti-Federalists or states’ rights advocates.
Federalism started in the United States began with Alexander Hamilton. He “believed only a strong central government could provide the new nation with the economic, political and military cohesiveness it would need to maintain its independence.”( http://www.cas.sc.edu) And there began the ideas which our country is based on today. Federalists generally support the idea of splitting the duties needed to maintain a government into National and State. “Big government” is an ideal status for federalists and is a highly debated topic today; this developed the two main political parties, Democrats and Republicans.
After the signing of the Constitution, the three branches of our government, executive, legislative, and judicial, were started. These three branches are the framework of our society and they organize our country. This separation of branches created a system of checks and balances where not one branch can become too powerful. This part of the federal government
“States’ rights advocates, or anti-federalists, believe that the majority of the power and authority should go to the individual states. It gave too much power to the national government at the expense of the state governments. There was no bill of rights. The national government could maintain an army in peacetime. Congress, because of the `necessary and proper clause,' wielded too much power. The executive branch held too much power.”( library.thinkquest.org)...