To Protest or to Separate
A picture taken in North Carolina in the 1960’s shows two water fountains with the word “white” above one, and “colored” above the other. (382) This was a visual representation of the type of segregation Dr. Martin Luther King was fighting against.
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal (320)
Although King uttered these famous words in front of millions, many laws were still placed into action concerning the separation of whites and blacks in the southern states; these laws were referred to as the Jim Crow laws.
The main purpose of the Jim Crow laws was to appeal to the people living in the south who were having a hard time adjusting to the changes in the Civil Rights era. In creating these laws and rules were able to adapt more easily to the small changes being made in America. By mandating separate but equal rights for African Americans in the South, they could say that they were holding true to the required rules of having the same treatments in public accommodations for Black Americans
The schools for white children and the schools for Negro children shall be conducted separately". “All passenger stations in this state operated by any motor transportation company shall have separate waiting rooms or space and separate ticket windows for the white and colored races. (Wikipedia.com)
Along with the rules and regulations set forth for public adaptation, voting rights were also being challenged for the Black American. Many state governments prevented most blacks from voting by various means, such as poll taxes and literacy tests. “It was estimated that of 181,000 African-American males of voting age in Alabama in 1900, only 3,000 were registered to vote.” (Wikipedia.com) Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. recognized the system of southern segregation, and saw an opportunity for an...