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Gay Liberation Essay

  • Submitted by: stonedenkh
  • on December 4, 2011
  • Category: History
  • Length: 901 words

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Below is an essay on "Gay Liberation" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Coming out and "Pride parade" have remained an important part of modern LGBT movements, and the visibility of the lesbian and gay communities has continued to grow. Gay liberation is also known for its links to the counterculture of the time, and for the Gay liberationists' intent to transform fundamental institutions of society such as gender and the family. In order to achieve such liberation, conscious understanding and   direct actions were moved into motion.
By the late 1970s, the radicalism of Gay liberation was moved by a return to a more formal movement that espoused gay and lesbian civil rights. Although the "Stonewall Riots" in 1969 in New York are popularly remembered as the spark that produced a new movement, the origins predate this iconic event. Certainly, militant resistance to police bar-raids was nothing new — as early as 1725, customers fought off a police raid at a London homosexual/transgender "Molly House". Organized movements, particularly in Western Europe have been active since the 19th century producing publications, forming social groups and campaigning for social and legal reform. The movements of the period immediately preceding Gay liberation, from the end of World War II to the late 1960s, are known collectively as the Homophile movement. The homophile movement has been described as "politically conservative", although their calls for social acceptance of same-sex love and trans sexuality were seen as radical fringe views by the dominant hierarchical culture of the time.
Early 1960s New York, under the Wagner administration, was beset with harassment against the gay community, particularly by the NYPD. By 1965, influenced by Frank Kameny’s addresses in the early 1960s, Dick Leitsch the president of the New York Mattachine Society, advocated direct action, started the first public homosexual demostration in the 1960s. The New york state Liquor Authority did not allow homosexuals to be served in licensed bars in the state under...

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