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Guatemala Essay

  • Submitted by: dron510
  • on December 5, 2011
  • Category: Miscellaneous
  • Length: 312 words

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Below is an essay on "Guatemala" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Background
The Guatemalan Civil War was a thirty six year war that began between politic. It was a difference in the party that started the civil war. After the independence from Spain, Juan Jose Arevola was the first president of Guatemala that won the election fairly. He and Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán lead the “October Revolutionaries” that gain power and was planning to turn Guatemala into a more liberal country. However the US was afraid that Guatemala would turn communist therefore, there was a US group to lead a rebellion overthrows the socialist country.  
War Process
The US’s CIA with the financial aid of United Fruit Co. lead the Operation PBSUCESS, also known as the 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état. The CIA chose the Guatemalan Army, that was already against turning into socialist country, Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas to lead the 1954 Guatemalan coup d'état. This Civil War was the rebellion and support from the USA against the government of Guatemala. The first battles were in the 1960s where the army of Carlos Armas defeats the urban workers, this was an easy win because of that Carlos’s army was trained by the CIA. After November 1960, Carlos Armas was assassinated, and later Ydigoras Fuentes taken the power and led the army. In November 1965 John P. Longan, the US security advisor, landed on Guatemala with a death squad and were conducting Operation Cleanup. This operation leaded too many people being kidnapped and many assignations. They mainly killed officer within Guzman government.    
Peace Made
In 1994 the government and rebellion came to an agreement to have peace, since this war has been taken thirty six. During two years, they came to agreement on human rights. Such as resettlement of displaced persons, historical clarification, and indigenous rights, so that Guatemala could get peace. This agreement this enforced by the UN today.

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