Selected Short Stories Of Nathaniel Hawthorne
According to Hawthorne, human being's biggest failure is inability to accept imperfection and to sense evil on their neighbor. In the book selected short stories by Nathaniel Hawthorne, this failure appears in form of a small birthmark in The Birthmark and an imaginary meeting with the devil and other people in Young Goodman Brown.
In the short story Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the main character Brown destroys his access to divinity by not having faith in the goodness of people around him. In The Birthmark, Aylmer didn't reach divinity as he failed to embrace individual imperfections.
In order to access divinity the first step is to accept imperfection and this is a success in The Birthmark. Aylmer considered as imperfect the birthmark that his wife Georgiana had which means that he was conscious that perfection is unreachable however Aylmer was unable to embrace such imperfection and tried to remove the birthmark. Hawthorne believed that human perfection could only be achieved by death and therefore that it is unreachable. This is evident as after Aylmer made the liquid which gave to her wife and she took, the birthmark faded away and reached perfection but this perfection was temporary as she died after this.
In Young Goodman Brown, Brown cuts off access to divinity by the lack of faith in goodness. The story started off in a beneficial position for Brown where he had trust for his wife and for the people in his town. Yet of this position, Brown decided to meet the mysterious figure in the forest (who ended up being the devil) and saw other townsfolk there in the meeting too. He therefore failed to reach divinity by seeing evil in others after he found himself standing in the forest alone. He didn't know if what he had seen was a dream or a real experience but he leaned toward the negative and induced to think people were evil.
Materialism takes over The Birthmark as...