Welcome

Anti Essays offers essay examples to help students with their essay writing.

Sign Up

Hepatitis C Essay

Open Document

Below is an essay on "Hepatitis C" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Hepatitis C in India

465

Hepatitis C in India
ASHIS MUKHOPADHYA
Department of Gastrointestinal Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore 632 004, India (Fax, 91-416-2232035; E-mail, ashis@cmcvellore.ac.in) Hepatitis C is an emerging infection in India and an important pathogen causing liver disease in India. The high risk of chronicity of this blood-borne infection and its association with hepatocellular carcinoma underscores its public health importance. Blood transfusion and unsafe therapeutic interventions by infected needles are two preventable modalities of spread of hepatitis C infection. In addition, risk factor modification by reducing the number of intravenous drug users will help curtail the prevalence of this infection. This review summarizes the extent, nature and implications of this relatively new pathogen in causing disease in India.
[Mukhopadhya A 2008 Hepatitis C in India; J. Biosci. 33 465–473]

1.

Introduction

Hepatitis C was first detected in 1989 using molecular biology techniques after extensive testing of serum from experimentally infected animals (Choo et al 1989). It was later characterized to be an RNA virus that belongs to the Flaviviridae family and genus Hepacivirus. Ever since its discovery it became clear that this virus was the major cause of acute hepatitis after a blood transfusion that was neither related to hepatitis A nor to hepatitis B (hence the early name for this disease, non-A, non-B hepatitis). It has been estimated that the global prevalence of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is around 2%, with 170 million persons chronically infected with the virus and 3 to 4 million persons newly infected each year (Shepard et al 2005). It is now widely recognized as one of the common aetiological agents for cirrhosis of the liver. It is the leading cause of liver transplantation and the most common chronic blood borne infection in developed countries like the USA. The impact of this infection is just emerging in...

Show More


Citations

MLA Citation

"Hepatitis C". Anti Essays. 17 Dec. 2018

<http://cassandralynndesignllc.com/free-essays/Hepatitis-C-75169.html>

APA Citation

Hepatitis C. Anti Essays. Retrieved December 17, 2018, from the World Wide Web: http://cassandralynndesignllc.com/free-essays/Hepatitis-C-75169.html