Hepatitis is a disease that can affect the body in many harmful ways. It is believed that the first accounts of hepatitis began in the second century B.C. Greek physicians described a mysterious disease that was often fatal, and cause inflammation of the liver. The skin of an afflicted person with this would have a distinguishing yellow appearance, which is called jaundice. Once again this disease was dated by St. Zacharias about a thousand years later. He described a similar disease to that of the Greek physicians. Today, hepatitis can cause a variety of symptoms such as, scarring of the live, liver disease, liver cancer, gastrointestinal upset, and malaise. When the liver is infected it becomes inflamed and is unable to function right and perform its vital functions. Blood flow to the liver is reduced and subsequent cell death, this may follow in Cirrhosis.
Hepatitis can be prevented in some cases. Alcoholic Hepatitis will occur when an increase in fat deposits within the liver. This type of hepatitis is very common amongst heavy drinkers, although this type of hepatitis is non-infectious. Hepatitis A, B, C, and D are caused by viruses.
Hepatitis B, (or also know as serum hepatitis) is a transmitted mainly by blood transfusion. There have also been cases of hepatitis being transmitted through sexual activities as well. The incubation period for those infected with hepatitis B is between 60 and 180 days. Hepatitis B (HBV) has a much higher fatality rate than other types hepatitis. Hepatitis A is know as an epidemic and only takes 20-40 days before signs start to show. Hepatitis B may be more deadly but it is harder to catch than hepatitis A.
Viruses such as herpes simplex, measles, Epstein-Barr, chicken pox, and mumps can all cause hepatitis. There are many methods to help prevent transmissions of viral hepatitis. Living in a clean and maintained living space and having adequate sewage facilities are protective ways in decreasing the chances of someone...