What is the historical and scientific development of psychology?
It’s only been in the past 200 years that people we now call psychologists have tried to gain some understanding and reason about human behaviour patterns. Granted that many psychologists ideas in regard to this discipline were a little farfetched and unorthodox, but it became a stepping stone forward as to the great understanding and overwhelming question of who we are, and why we do the things we do.
Before psychology became the norm for the understanding of the mind, humans had very little knowledge regarding our minds and behaviour patterns. However, some Ancient Greek philosophers did start to break down and comprehend the human mind in some sense. Their methodology was quite primitive in comparison to today’s standard ways of thinking, but there were some who managed to get a good deal of knowledge by using many different ideologies, the most well known would be the nativism or empiricism theory.
Ancient Greek philosophers, such as Plato, believed that all knowledge and ideas are passed upon us heredity from birth and this determined our way of thinking throughout our lives. This would be classed as a nativism or nature trait.
Other philosophers were opposed to this thought alone. Another Ancient Greek philosopher, Aristotle, believed that we would learn throughout our lives, and this would have an effect on the way we are as we become adults. We would gather information through the senses throughout the body and environment, we would process this information and eventually it would have an impact on the way we turn out as an adult and the choices we make. This is called the Empiricism or nurture trait. These were some of the first rooted signs of psychological thinking.
Wilhelm Wundt opened the first psychology lab in Leipzig, Germany in 1879. He experimented with different types of understanding and rationality. He studied patients’ reaction times to tests, while asking questions...