From reading Eric Foner' s “The Voices of Freedom”, I can now see how freedom was achieved through many people. It was not achieved by one person, or even one group. Many people and groups took the risk of possible death or even imprisonment to make a stand for what they believed would contribute to the freedom of others. Chief Joseph, Carrie Chapman Catt, and Cesar Chavez, all made a contribution to our freedom in one way or another. These freedom fighters all differed either by backgrounds, gender, or their beliefs. They were from different periods throughout American history, but the one main interest they shared was freedom.
Chief Joseph was a Native American born in 1840, a time of mistreatment to Native America's, especially his tribe the Nez Perce' tribe. His native name was Hin-mah-too-yah-lat-kekt or Thunder Rolling Down the Mountain, but he took the name Joseph the Younger, when his father was baptized into the Christian faith at Lapwai mission. His father Joseph the Elder was a active supporter of whites and Indian peace. He was one of the first in his tribe the Nez Perce' that converted to Christianity. He had been working with the Governor of the Washington's territory to set up a reservation for the Nez Perce' that would extend from Oregon to Idaho.
When the Gold Rush struck the territory, Joseph the Younger saw his people's land get stripped away from them. He witnessed the American government come in and strip them of over six million acres, and then leaving them with a small reservation in Idaho which was about one third the size of the original land. Feeling very betrayed by what the Federal Government had done, his father turned his back on the white man's government, destroyed the American Flag, burned his Christian bible, withdrew his people from the reservation, and refused numerous times to sign any treaty with the whites about the perimeter of their new reservation in Idaho.
When Joseph's father died in 1871, he...