The various incidents that aided this pattern of development were the trial, Walter Cunningham coming over to eat, and Boo Radley/prejudice (racial and general prejudice), tolerance, courage, knowledge and innocence
In the beginning, Scout is just a naive girl who does not know much about the injustices of the world. Slowly, after growing up in an environment full of segregation, she learns to think for herself. She learns to decide whether something is right or wrong. The main reason behind Scout's mental independence is Atticus. Being a man who embraces justice, Atticus teaches his children to learn right from wrong, but lets them make their own decisions, thus enabling them to learn for themselves what right and wrong are.
By the end of the book, Scout has seen many injustices take place, and she knows that whenever a person does something abnormal, people will talk about it. She also knows not to trust all that she hears, due to the fables of "Boo" Radley. Furthermore, Scout is a very unusual little girl, both in her own qualities and in her social position. She is unusually intelligent (she learns to read before beginning school), unusually confident (she fights boys without fear), unusually thoughtful (she worries about the essential goodness and evil of mankind), and unusually good (she always acts with the best intentions). In terms of her social identity, she is unusual for being a tomboy in the prim and proper Southern world of Maycomb.
Scout also matures from the time she spends with the people who live around her and with her. Calpurnia teaches Scout manners, such as the time Cecil Jacobs comes home to eat lunch with them. Scout comments on Cecil pouring syrup all over his food, and Calpurnia scolds her for it. Miss Maudie teaches Scout about her father and the beliefs Atticus holds dear. She tells Scout why it's a sin to kill a mockingbird and comments on some of the other people in the town.
Atticus has the biggest influence on Scout. At the...