It is imperative for individuals to have rights. When a government is given
complete control over anything, there are no limits set for them. The government can do
anything they desire, because they control everything. This is the world that George
Orwell feared the world was heading toward. Orwell wrote his novel 1984, as he said, “to
alter other people’s idea of the kind of society they should strive after” (Orwell). The
direction that Orwell saw the world heading was not the direction that was, in his
opinion, the best for the interest of the entire world as a whole. He saw communism take
over in Soviet Russia under Joseph Stalin. The influence of the French Revolution was
apparent in the sense that the revolutionists turned out worse than the monarchy they
overthrew. Orwell held a belief in man’s fallibility. Mankind cannot be trusted to know
what is right for themselves. Orwell saw a trend in the world of capitalism, and he felt a
need to forewarn the world of what could happen if this trend continued.
In 1984, there is one party, but two classes inside the party. There is the inner
party and the outer party. The inner party can be considered the upper class. They are the
ones who control the party and are wealthy. The outer party consists of the commoners:
anyone from a worker in the Ministry of Truth to the bookkeeper in the shop below
where Winston and Julia rented a room. This separation in the party shows the potential
of capitalism, and how the gap between the rich and the lower classes in society could
transfer over to politics and influence the government.
Another comment that Orwell had on mankind was their contradictory nature.
Over and over again, the world changes, and people change policies and viewpoints. This
belief is apparent in the nation of Oceania. The party’s slogan was “War is Peace,
Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is Strength” (Orwell 7). These three phrases are all
contradictory to what the words by...