Birth Name- Gaius Julius Caesar
Born-July 100 BC
Birthplace- Subura, Rome
Died- 15 March 44 BC
Place of Death-Curia of Pompey, Rome
Father- Gaius Julius Caesar
Mother- Aurelia Cotta
Consort(s)- Cornelia Cinna minor 84-68 BC
Pompeia 68-63 BC
Calpurnia Pisonis 59-44 BC
Children- Julia Caesaris 85/84-54 BC
Caesarion 47-30 BC
Augustus 63 BC - 14 AD
Caesar was born into a patrician family, the gens Julia, which claimed descent from the legendary Trojan prince Aeneas. Despite their ancient pedigree, the Julii Caesares were not especially politically influential. His father governed a province of Asia, while his mother came from an influential family. Although little is recorded of Caesar’s childhood his formative years were a time of turmoil.
There were several wars from 91 BC to 82 BC, and from 82 BC to 80 BC the dictator Lucius Cornelius Sulla was purging Rome of his political enemies and domestically, Roman politics were bitterly divided. In 85 BC, Caesar’s father died suddenly leaving Caesar as the head of the family at sixteen. The following year he was nominated to be the new high priest of Jupiter but since he and his wife both had to be patricians he broke off his engagement and married Cornelia. Sulla returned to Rome forcing Caesar to go into hiding.
The threat was lifted by the intervention of his mother’s family to whom Sulla reluctantly gave in. Caesar left Rome and joined the army until 78 BC when he heard of Sulla’s death. On his way across the Aegean Sea, he was kidnapped by pirates. After a ransom was paid he raised a fleet, pursued, captured, and imprisoned the pirates. He then had them crucified them as he had promised while in captivity.
He was soon called back to military action in Asia and then on his return to Rome, was elected military tribune. In 69 BC he was elected quaestor which he served out in Spain. He also later won the post of Pontifex Maximus, chief priest of the Roman state...