ASSIGNMENT NO. 2
Essentials of Management
Prof. Usman Umar
Roll No: 10031920-101
Section : AV
University Of Gujrat
Quite literally, organizations operate by people making decisions. A manager plans, organizes, staffs, leads, and controls his team by executing decisions. The effectiveness and quality of those decisions determine how successful a manager will be. Decision making and problem solving are ongoing processes of evaluating situations or problems, considering alternatives, making choices, and following them up with the necessary actions.
The entire decision-making process is dependent upon the right information being available to the right people at the right times. Managers at all level and in all areas of organizations make decisions.
The decision-making process involves the following steps:
* Identifying a problem.
* Identifying Decision Criteria.
* Allocating Weights to Criteria.
* Developing Alternatives.
* Analyzing Alternatives.
* Selecting An Alternative.
* Implementing The Alternative.
* Evaluating Decision Effectiveness.
STEP 1: Identifying a problem
The decision-making process begins when a manager identifies the real problem. Being a manager of NESTLE Company, found that the sale of the NESTLE products are going to decrease with the passage of time. After detailed research and examine it was found that, there is lack of vehicles available to the selling department for efficient delivery of Company’s product. In which most of vehicles provided to the selling department for delivery of products are not in proper working condition due to which supply to the detailers and shopkeepers delays. So, there is a time to solve this problem and make delivery of products as efficient as possible.
STEP 2: Identifying Decision Criteria
Being a manager of NESTLE Company,...