The Great Fire of London
On the evening of Sunday, September 2, 1666, the medieval city of London was engulfed by a raging fire of magnitude that they had never seen before. The blaze completely gutted the city leaving behind total destruction. People were left devastated, homeless, and without a cent to their name. Even though there was no exact death toll, it is believed that there were luckily only a few fatalities. The fire consumed 13,200 houses, 87 perished churches, St.Paul’s Cathedral, and most of the city’s authority buildings.
It all started late one night in a small bakeshop on Pudding Lane, which belonged to Thomas Farynor, baker to King Charles II. During that night, the maid awoke to find the house up in flames. Faynor and his family successfully escaped, but unfortunately, the maid froze with fear and perished in the inferno. During this period, most houses in London were made out of wood and pitch construction, which made them an easy target for an out-of-control fire. The fire leapt to the hay field piles in the yard of the Star Inn at Fish Street Hill. Before anyone knew it, the flames had completely engulfed the Inn.
That night there was an abnormally strong wind blowing, which made it even more difficult to extinguish the flames. It spread to the Riverside warehouses and wharves, which were full of combustibles. Fire fighting was still very primitive, so when the citizen firefighters attempted to put out the fire, they only used buckets full of water from the river. By 8 O’clock the next morning, the fire had spread half way across the London Bridge, but was stopped because of previous fire damage. Normally, they would destroy houses in the path of the fire in order to create a fire block, but Lord Mayor Buldworth was hesitant because of the rebuilding costs that were sure to follow. When he finally decided to give the Royal command, the fire was already far out of control. Houses were demolished by gunpowder, but the fire came before...